- 2 History and influences
- 3 Influence over other styles
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The Allmusic Guide to Electronica defines dream pop as "an atmospheric sub-genre of alternative rock that relies on sonic textures as much as melody". Common characteristics are breathy vocals and use of guitar effects, often producing a "wall of noise". The term is often used, particularly in the United States, to describe bands who were part of the shoegazing scene, and shoegazing is seen as a part of dream pop. The term was first used for this type of music in the 1980s and is thought to relate to the 'immersion' in the music experienced by the listener. In the view of Simon Reynolds, dream pop "celebrates rapturous and transcendent experiences, often using druggy and mystical imagery". Dream pop tends to focus on textures and moods rather than propulsive rock riffs. Vocals are generally breathy or sung in a near-whisper, and lyrics are often introspective or existential in nature. Album art tends to consist of blurry pastel imagery or stark minimalist designs, or a combination of these two styles. The 4AD record label is the one most associated with dream pop, though others such as Creation, Projekt, Fontana, Bedazzled,Vernon Yard, and Slumberland also released significant records in the genre.
In 1970, George Harrison released All Things Must Pass; the album's Wall of Sound and fluid arrangements led music journalist John Bergstrom to credit it as an influence on dream pop, (although the album's producer Phil Spectorhad already been known for his dreamy, echo-drenched sound by 1964 with the advent of productions such as "Do I Love You?" and "Walking in the Rain").
From the 1980s to 2000s, many bands made music considered dream pop.Shoegazing
A louder, more aggressive strain of dream pop came to be known as shoegazing; key bands of this style were Lush, Slowdive, My Bloody Valentine, Starflyer 59, Chapterhouse, Catherine Wheel, Ride, Medicine and Levitation. These bands kept the atmospheric qualities of dream pop, but added the intensity of post-punk-influenced bands such as Sonic Youth and The Jesus and Mary Chain. Shoegazing arose out of a love for dream pop's textures and moods, at the same time rejecting its more passive tendencies. Shoegaze was initially concentrated in England in the early 1990s. It is a foregrounding of effects pedals over melody.Dream-pop band The Radio Dept.performs in Lima, Peru (October 2006).
Dream pop is often credited with providing the creative "anti-rock" catalyst for textural-based musical styles such as trip hop, slowcore, and post-rock. A resurgence of dream pop in the independent music scene also occurred starting in the late 2000s.