Francis Cabrel (born 23 November 1953 in Agen, France) is a French singer-songwriter and guitarist. He has released a number of albums falling mostly within the realm of folk, with occasional forays into blues or country. Several of his songs, such as "L'encre de tes yeux" and "Petite Marie" have become enduring favourites in French music. Others have since been covered by many artists, such as "C'était l'hiver" by Canadian Isabelle Boulay or "Je l'aime à mourir" by Colombian Shakira.
Biography[edit source | edit]Edit
Cabrel was born into a modest family, his father was employed as a blue-collar worker and his mother was a cashier. He has a sister, Martine, and a brother, Philippe. His paternal grandfather, Prospero Cabrel, immigrated to Gascony from Friuli, Italy, in the 1920s with his wife and six children. Cabrel's mother, Denise Nin, was born in Gascony to an Italian family who had also immigrated from Friuli. The family's original surname, Cabrelli, was abandoned in the 18th century.
A shy teenager, Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone" inspired him to pick up a guitar and start writing his own songs. At 16, enthralled by music,[original research?] he started to sing the songs of Neil Young, Leonard Cohen and Dylan. He also learned English by translating the lyrics. He would later say that his guitar enabled him to appear more interesting to others.
Expelled from secondary school in Agen for lack of discipline, he went to work in a shoe shop while playing gigs with a group named "Ray Frank and Jazzmen," which later became known as "les Gaulois" because every member of the band had a moustache. At that time, Cabrel's appearance was that of a hippie, with long hair and a moustache.
In 1974 he took part in a song contest organised by Sud Radio and performed in front of a panel of judges, which included Daniel and Richard Seff. With his own song "Petite Marie", dedicated to his wife Mariette, he won the contest and was signed to a record deal by CBS.
In 1977, during CBS's "New French Song" campaign, his first record "Ma ville" was released. However, he quickly realized that CBS, having tampered with the accent of his singing voice on "Petite Marie", had thus interfered with the expression of his true personality. That version of the song is disavowed by Cabrel today.
Although he writes predominantly for himself, he has written for other artists, in particular Rose Laurens ("Quand tu pars", 1986). Cabrel is involved in the politics of Astaffort commune in Lot-et-Garonne and was elected its councilor in March 1989.
While Cabrel is best known for singing in the French language, he has also recorded Spanish renditions of many of his most popular compositions.
In 1989, Cabrel's album Sarbacane was released. The singer spent months honing the new songs on Sarbacane to perfection, working out the musical arrangements and recording part of them in a makeshift studio he had set up in his own home. Sarbacane, undoubtedly one of Cabrel's finest works,[original research?] proved an enormous hit with the public, selling almost 2 million copies. The singles "Sarbacane" (dedicated to his daughter) and "C'est écrit" also did incredibly well[original research?] in the charts. By now Francis Cabrel had become one of the most popular recording stars on the French music scene.[original research?] and his life was one busy whirl of TV and radio interviews, autograph signing and promotion. Cabrel soon set off on an extensive tour – which included hundreds of dates in the provinces as well as several concerts at the Zénith in Paris – accompanied by his musicians, Gérard Bikialo (on keyboards), Denys Lable (on guitar) and Bernard Paganotti (on bass).
Meanwhile, Cabrel continued his work on behalf of humanitarian associations and charities, taking part in the famous "Soirée des Enfoirés" to raise money for the Restos du Coeur (the charity set up by comedianColuche to help the homeless). He also recorded compilation albums with other French stars on behalf of AIDS charities such as Sol En Si (Solidarité Enfant Sida) and Urgence. In 1990 Cabrel embarked upon a mini tour with singer Dick Rivers, delighting audiences[original research?] with their re-worked versions of American rock'n'roll classics. This mini tour, performed without the slightest bit of publicity in smaller, more intimate venues such as the Bataclan in Paris, allowed Cabrel to make closer contact with his fans and wind down a little after his busy promotional schedule earlier in the year.[original research?]
Following several more months of intensive touring, which took Cabrel all over Europe, South America and Quebec, the singer released a triple live album entitled D'une ombre à l'autre. The 43 tracks included acoustic versions of Cabrel's greatest hits.
Cabrel fans had to wait another three years for the release of any new material, the renowned perfectionist shutting himself away in the studio for months on end to work on his next album. Samedi soir sur la terre, the singer's eighth album, was finally released in 1994. Musically things had changed little from the early days[original research?] – Cabrel was still surrounded by his loyal group of musicians and the guitar remained the most distinctive feature of the "Cabrel" sound.[original research?] But the song-writing was more expressive than ever.[original research?] Twenty years after "Petite Marie" the new singles "Je t'aimais, je t'aime, je t'aimerai" and "La Cabane du pêcheur" displayed extremely mature, sophisticated lyrics.[original research?] One of the most outstanding tracks on the new album was undoubtedly "Corrida",[original research?] Cabrel's attack on the sport of bull-fighting. The album was followed by a new tour and a series of concerts in Paris – at the Théâtre des Champs Elysées, the Olympia and the Zénith. In February 1995 the music profession honoured Cabrel at the annual "Victoires de la Musique" awards ceremony, presenting him with an award for Best Album of 94 (for "Un samedi soir sur la terre"). Later that year Cabrel went on to win Le Trophée RFI/ Conseil de la Francophonie for his hit single "Je t'aimais, je t'aime, je t'aimerai".
Throughout his career Cabrel has tried hard to keep out of the media spotlight, leading a quiet life with his wife and two daughters.[original research?] Yet the singer was prepared to become a prominent figure in his local community, working as a councillor and organising cultural events in Astaffort. It was Cabrel, for instance, who organised the "Rencontres d'Astaffort', a gathering of young singer/songwriters who came to the town for training and advice. Cabrel also proved himself to be an enthusiastic entrepreneur,[original research?] setting up his own label Cargo with Charles Talar in 1995. The first artists the pair signed to their new label were Vincent Baguian and Michel Françoise.
In 1997 Cabrel continued his charity work, performing a tour with a host of French stars including Maurane, Michel Jonasz and Maxime Le Forestier, to raise money for the children's AIDS charity Sol en Si. Cabrel's live performances continued to attract a huge turn-out, his fans rightly suspecting that a new Cabrel album would not appear for another few years.[original research?]
1997 also saw the publication of Hors Saison, a photo album of Cabrel portraits taken by Claude Gassian. A special bonus CD accompanied the book, featuring the duet "Vengo a ofrecer mi corazon", which Cabrel recorded in Spanish with the Argentinian singer Mercedes Sosa. The song, recorded at the Francofolies Festival in Buenos Aires, received a massive amount of airplay which encouraged Cabrel to release it as a single.[original research?] (This was not the first time that the singer had recorded his songs in Spanish. The release of the album Sarbacane coincided with the recording of an entire album in Spanish, which featured new versions of the singer's greatest hits).
Cabrel rocketed back into the French music news on 30 March 1999 with a new CD album entitled Hors Saison (Out of Season). The album generated a huge amount of interest among fans and music critics alike,[original research?] and was Cabrel's first new album in five years. Recorded with the same team who had joined the singer in the studio for his last two albums (i.e. Manu Katché, Gérard Bikialo and Bernard Paganotti), Hors Saison did not mark a radical departure from Cabrel's usual style. "Presque rien", the first single release, received an impressive amount of airplay on French radio. And a few months later sales of the album topped the 1 million mark, earning Cabrel a diamond disc.
Encouraged by the success of Hors Saison,[original research?] Cabrel kicked off a new tour at Le Zénith in Caen, going on to perform a long stint at the Olympia in Paris (28 September – 9 October). Ten days later Cabrel brought the house down at Le Zénith in Paris.[original research?] Appearing on stage against a pared-down minimalist décor with eight musicians, the singer was supported by Québécois singer Isabelle Boulay who, once her own set was finished, joined Cabrel on stage for a special duet. Cabrel brought his tour to a close in December 1999.
The atmosphere of Cabrel's acoustic/electric tour was captured on a 3-CD live album,[original research?] Double tour, released in 2000. In January 2000 and 2001 the singer went on to take part in the "Enfoirés" fund-raising tours, from which all profits were donated to "Les Restaurants du cœur", a feed-the-homeless charity set up by the comedian Coluche.
Cabrel, who has built up a huge following of loyal fans both at home and abroad, is renowned for his modesty.[original research?] Throughout his career the singer has done his utmost to keep his personal life out of the media spotlight[original research?] and in his early interviews he showed himself to be an extremely shy person.[original research?] In more recent interviews this timidity has given way to a more relaxed attitude and a mischievous sense of humour,[original research?] which has only served to increase Cabrel's immense popularity.
While Cabrel continued his involvement with humanitarian projects, he eventually dropped his role in local politics. Considering that he had achieved his goals (which included renovating and re-opening an arts venue and a school), the singer did not stand in the next elections to prolong his position on Astaffort's local council.
Meanwhile, on the music front, Cabrel returned to the stage to take part in a series of concerts entitled "Autour du blues." These concerts, where Cabrel performed alongside international artists such as Patrick Verbeke, Tanya Saint Val and Beverly Jo Scott, resulted in two live albums (released in 2001 and 2003). The "Autour du blues" concerts also gave Cabrel the opportunity of working with the American musician David Johnson, who guested as sax-player on Cabrel's following album, Les Beaux Dégâts (released in May 2004). This album, produced in collaboration with Cabrel's pianist, Gérard Bikialo, featured a new addition to the Cabrel sound in the form of a brass section.
The album proved to be a huge success,[original research?] selling over 600,000 copies within a few months of its release. In the autumn of that year, Cabrel hit the road on a tour he vowed would be on a human scale. Cabrel refused to play anything other than small or medium-sized venues, preferring to maintain direct contact with his audience. Tickets were all sold out weeks in advance. The tour, which kept Cabrel on the road until the end of the year, included a sold-out stint at Le Casino de Paris (2–14 November 2004).
In 2005, Les Editions Delcourt published a cartoon-strip tribute to Cabrel. Cabrel-Les Beaux Dessins featured illustrations of twelve of his songs.
Cabrel returned to the live circuit with his "Bodegas Tour" in the spring of 2005, playing dates across France and Switzerland right through until June of that year. On 7 November Cabrel organised a fund-raising concert for New Orleans, which had been devastated by Hurricane Katrina. The concert, staged at the Palais des Congrès in Paris, included Garou, Alain Souchon, De Palmas and Véronique Sanson.
A few days after the New Orleans concert, "La tournée des Bodegas" was released as a CD featuring live versions of songs from the album Les Beaux Dégâts.
Cabrel kept a relatively low profile on the French music scene throughout 2006.[original research?] He joined Michel Delpech in the studio to record a duet ("Le Loir et Cher") which appeared on the album Michel Delpech &…. And he agreed to play one of the characters in Louis Chédid’s musical Le Soldat Rose, taking to the stage at Le Grand Rex, in Paris, on 12 November that year alongside M, Alain Souchon andVanessa Paradis. In 2007, Cabrel marked the thirtieth anniversary of his career with the release of a double album entitled L'essentiel 1997–2007.
On 31 March 2008, Cabrel released a brand new album of original material entitled Des roses et des orties (Roses and nettles). This album, the eleventh of his career, revolved around a vibrant mix of electric and acoustic guitars and sultry blues arrangements[original research?] and was recorded, as per usual, in his studio-barn in Astaffort. While Cabrel’s lyric-writing remained as sensitive and poetic as ever, the tone of this new album was ostensibly harder-hitting than his previous work.[original research?]
The songs on Des roses et des orties tackled a range of serious social and political issues such as immigration ("African Tour"), religion ("Les Cardinaux en costume") and poverty and social exclusion ("Le Cygne blanc"). Cabrel also examined the artist’s role in society ("Gens formidables") and even delved a little into his own personal life for inspiration, addressing a song to the biological mother of the youngVietnamese girl he had adopted in 2004 ("Mademoiselle l'aventure"). The singer also included a number of cover versions on this new album, performing French adaptations of Bob Dylan’s "She Belongs to Me", Creedence Clearwater Revival’s "Born on the Bayou" and JJ Cale’s "Mama Don't."
Discography[edit source | edit]Edit
Studio albums[edit source | edit]Edit
- Francis Cabrel (also known as Les Murs De Poussière) (1977, CBS)
- Les chemins de traverse (1979, CBS)
- Fragile (1980, CBS)
- Carte Postale (1981, CBS)
- Quelqu'un de l'intérieur (1983, CBS)
- Photos de voyages (1985, CBS)
- Sarbacane (1989, CBS)
- Samedi soir sur la terre (1994, Columbia)
- Hors-saison (1999, Columbia)
- Les beaux dégâts (2004, Columbia)
- Des roses et des orties (2008, Columbia)
- Vise le ciel (2012)
Live albums[edit source | edit]Edit
- Cabrel Public (1984, CBS)
- D'une ombre à l'Autre (1991, Columbia)
- Double tour (Électrique & acoustique) (2000, Columbia, 3 CDs)
- La tournée des bodegas (2005, Columbia)
Compilations[edit source | edit]Edit
- Cabrel 77–87 (1987, CBS)
- L'Essentiel 1977–2007 (2007, Chandelle Production)
- Lo Mejor de los Mejores (1994, Sony Music, Special Marketing)
- Concierto en Bogotá, Colombia (1991)
Singles[edit source | edit]Edit
- "Petite Marie" (1977)
- "Pas trop de peine" (1978)
- "Les Murs de poussière" (1978)
- "Je l'aime à mourir" (1979)
- "Je rêve" (1979)
- "L'Encre de tes yeux" (1980)
- "Je pense encore à toi" (1980)
- "La dame de Haute-Savoie" (1981)
- "Carte postale" (1981)
- "Répondez-moi" (1982)
- "La fille qui m'accompagne" (1983)
- "Saïd et Mohamed" (live) (1984)
- "Je te suivrai" (1985)
- "Encore et encore" (1985)
- "Tourner les hélicos" (1985)
- "Il faudra leur dire" (1986)
- "C'est écrit (1989)
- "Animal" (1989)
- "Sarbacane" (1989)
- "Tout le monde y pense" (1990)
- "Petite Marie" (live) (1990)
- "La corrida" (1994)
- "Je t'aimais, je t'aime, je t'aimerai" (1994)
- "Samedi soir sur la Terre" (1995)
- "La cabane du pêcheur" (1995)
- "Octobre" (1995)
- "Presque rien" (1999)
- "Le reste du temps" (1999)
- "Hors-saison" (1999)
- "Le monde est sourd" (2000)
- "Ma place dans le trafic" (live) (2000)
- "Bonne nouvelle" (2004)
- "Qu'est-ce que t'en dis?" (2004)
- "Tu me corresponds" (2004)
- "Les gens absents" (2005)
- "Je pense encore à toi" (live) (2005)
- "Le gorille" (2007)
- "La robe et l'échelle" (2008)
- "Le chêne liège" (2008)
- "Des hommes pareils" (2009)
- "Né dans le Bayou" (2009)
- "Les cardinaux en costume" (2010)
Videography[edit source | edit]Edit
- Sarbacane tour (1989)