It was originally composed of Claude Moine, aka Eddy Mitchell (vocals), William Benaïm (guitar solo), Tony D'Arpa (rhythm guitar), Aldo Martinez (bass guitar), and Jean-Pierre Chichportich (drums)
Les Chaussettes Noires signed in late 1960 with Barclay Records, under which the band recorded a score of successful gramophone records, including: "Be-Bop-A-Lula" (1960), "Tu parles trop" (1960), "Daniela" (1961)—which remains their biggest hit—, "Eddie'm good" (1961)—a French adaptation of Chuck Berry's 1958 song "Johnny B. Goode"—, "Hey Pony" (1961), "Madame Madam" (1961), "Dactylo rock" (1961), "La leçon de twist" (1962), "Le twist du canotier" (1962) with Maurice Chevalier, and "Parce que tu sais".
The band declined from 1962 with the departure of Mitchell for his military service. He would then start a solo career in 1963. The group stopped recording in late 1964.
As a result of replacement or integration, the following musicians were also part of the band: Michel Santangel (drums), Arturo Motta (drums), Armand Molinette (drums), Gilbert Bastelica (drums), Michel Gaucher (saxophone), Michel Picard (saxophone), and Paul Benaïm (rhythm guitar).