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"Take on Me" is a song by the Norwegian synthpop band A-ha. Written by the band members, the song was produced by Alan Tarney for the group's debut studio album Hunting High and Low, (1985). The song combines synthpop with a varied instrumentation that includes acoustic guitars, keyboards, and drums.

The original "Take on Me" was recorded in 1984, and took three releases to chart in the United Kingdom, reaching number two on the UK Singles Chart in November 1985. In the United States, the song was the only ever A-ha song to reach the top position of the Billboard Hot 100 in October 1985, due in no small part to the wide exposure of its memorable and cutting-edge music video on MTV, directed by Steve Barron. The video features the band in a pencil-sketch animation method called rotoscoping, combined with live action. The video won six awards, and was nominated for two others at the 1986 MTV Video Music Awards.The music video's directors received inspiration for the video from watching,"Orpheus," a foreign film to be the first to use special effects.

ContentsEdit

 [hide*1 Background

Background[edit]Edit

Pål Waaktaar and Magne Furuholmen began their music careers playing in a band called Bridges, together with Viggo Bondi and Øystein Jevanord.[1] In 1981 the band produced Fakkeltog(Torch-light parade), an LP for which all of the music was composed by the group themselves, most of it being written by Waaktaar. Soon after, Bridges disbanded. Waaktaar and Furuholmen relocated to London to try their hand in the music industry there, but after six months of disappointment they returned to Norway.[1]

The duo then decided to try to get Morten Harket to join them as lead singer. At the time, Harket was singing in a band called Souldier Blue, but he felt that his band was stagnating, and decided to join Waaktaar and Furuholmen. They stayed together for six months, writing some songs and working on demo tapes, including "Lesson One," the song that eventually became "Take on Me." In January 1983 the trio returned to London in search of a recording contract.[1]

Recording and production[edit]Edit

The band moved into an apartment in London and began calling on record companies and publishing houses. After a few meetings with various A&R personnel, the band signed with apublishing house called Lionheart. A-ha then returned to Norway to earn some money. When they returned to London, they left Lionheart out of frustration.[2] They decided to record new demos, and chose the studio of musician and producer John Ratcliff, intending to re-record five songs. The band signed with Ratcliff, who in return introduced them to his manager, Terry Slater. With this encouragement, the band managed to complete some songs, including "Take on Me." After a few meetings, Slater signed them with Warner Bros. Records.[2]

The band met with producer Tony Mansfield, an expert in the use of the Fairlight CMI, who mixed the demos with electronic instrumentation. The sound was not what A-ha had hoped to achieve, and the album was remixed again. The band rushed to release "Take on Me" as a single in the United Kingdom but the single flopped. After this, Warner Brothers' main office in the United States decided to invest in the band, and gave them the opportunity to re-record the song.[2] Terry Slater convinced Alan Tarney to produce the new version. The song was soon completed and re-released in the United Kingdom, but the record label's office in London gave them little support, and the single flopped for the second time.[2]

In the United States, Warner Brothers put the group on high priority, and made the move to invest significant money in a revolutionary video for "Take on Me" using the audio version produced by Tarney. The single was released in the United States a month after the music video, and immediately appeared in the Billboard Hot 100.[2]

Magne played the main melody on a Roland Juno-60 "MIDI'd up" to a Yamaha DX7. The drum machine used on the second and third releases (rotoscoped video version) was a Linn LinnDrum - Paul overdubbed real cymbals and hi-hat using this drum machine. Morten sang "Take on Me" using a Neumann U47 microphone as well as a Neve microphone pre-amp and Neve equaliser.[3]

Allmusic journalist Tim DiGravina described "Take on Me" as being "a new wave classic laced with rushing keyboards, made emotionally resonant thanks to Morten Harket's touching vocal delicacy."[4]

Composition[edit]Edit

"Take on Me"MENU   0:00 A 23 second sample from "Take on Me," featuring Harket's high-pitched falsetto, with a backing track that mixes acoustic guitars and electronic instrumentation.----
Problems playing this file? See media help.

"Take on Me" is a synthpop song that includes acoustic guitars, keyboards, and synthesizers.[5][6] It moves at a very quick tempo of 170 beats per minute.[7] The lyrics are a plea for love,[8] and are constructed in a verse-chorus form with a bridge before the third and final chorus. With the chord progression of Bm-E-A-Dmaj7-C#m7, the song is written in the key of B Dorian. Harket demonstrates a vocal range of over two and a half octaves.[7] He sings the lowest pitch in the song, A2, at the beginning of the chorus, on the first syllable of the phrase "Take on me."[7]

As the chorus progresses, Harket's voice hits ever higher notes, reaching a falsetto[5][9][10] and hitting the song's highest note (E5) at the end.[7] There is a temporary change of markings in the drum pattern in the chorus, where for two bars the drums play in half time, returning to the same rhythm as before for the climax of the vocal line. A mix of drums,[11][12] acoustic guitars and electronic instrumentation serves as the song's backing track.[5]

Music video[edit]Edit

[1][2]Lead singer Morten Harket and actress Bunty Bailey in a scene from the music video, which features them in a pencil-sketch animation / live-action combination called rotoscoping.

The first release of "Take on Me" in 1984 includes a completely different recording, and was featured in the first video, which shows the band singing with a blue background. The second video was directed by Steve Barron, and filmed at Kim's Café and on a sound stage in London, in 1985.[13] The video used a pencil-sketch animation / live-action combination calledrotoscoping,[14] in which the live-action footage is traced-over frame by frame to give the characters realistic movements.[14][15] Approximately 3,000 frames were rotoscoped, which took 16 weeks to complete.[16][17]

The video's main theme is a romantic fantasy narrative.[18] It begins with a montage of pencil drawings in a comic book style representing motorcycle sidecar racing, in which the hero, played by Morten Harket, is pursued by two opponents, one of whom is played by English actor Philip Jackson. It then cuts to a scene in a cafe, in which a young woman, played byBunty Bailey (Harket's girlfriend at the time),[13] is seen drinking coffee and reading the comic book in a coffee shop. As the girl reads, the waitress brings her the bill. The comic's hero, after winning the race, seemingly winks at the girl from the page. His pencil-drawn hand reaches out of the comic book, inviting the girl into it. Once inside, she too appears in the pencil-drawn form, as he sings to her and introduces her to his black-and-white world which features a sort of looking-glass portal where people and objects look real on one side and pencil-drawn on the other.

Meanwhile, back in the restaurant, the waitress returns to find that the girl is not there. Believing that the girl has left without paying the bill, she angrily crumples and throws the girl's comic book into a bin. This makes Harket's two opposing racers reappear, armed with a large pipe wrench and apparently aggressive. The racers smash the looking glass with the pipe wrench, evidently trapping the girl in the comic book. Harket punches one of the thugs and retreats with the girl into a maze of paper. Arriving at a dead end, he tears a hole in the paper wall so that the girl can escape as the menacing opposing racers close in on him. The girl, now back in the real world and found lying beside the bin to the surprise of restaurant guests and staff, grabs the comic from the bin and runs home, where she attempts to smooth out the creases to learn what happens next.

The next panel shows Harket lying seemingly lifeless, and the girl begins to cry. But he wakes up and tries to break out of his comic-book frames. At the same time, his image appears in the girl's hallway, seemingly torn between real and comic form, hurling himself repeatedly left-and-right against the walls as he attempts to shatter his two-dimensional barrier. (This scene is largely patterned after a climactic scene in the 1980 film Altered States[13]). He escapes from the comic book by becoming human and stands up. Smiling, the girl runs towards him and he embraces her. The video story is effectively concluded in the intro sequence of its successor, "The Sun Always Shines on T.V.".

At the 1986 MTV Video Music Awards, the video for "Take on Me" won six awards—Best New Artist in a VideoBest Concept VideoMost Experimental VideoBest DirectionBest Special Effects, and Viewer's Choice—and was nominated for two others, Best Group Video and Video of the Year.[19] It was also nominated for Favorite Pop/Rock Video at the 13th American Music Awards in 1986.[20]

Chart performance[edit]Edit

"Take on Me" was originally released in 1984, and was mixed by Tony Mansfield, but failed to make an impact in the United Kingdom.[2] The group re-recorded the song with the help of producer Alan Tarney,[2][13] releasing the new version in late 1984: this release peaked at number three in Norway[23] but failed to reach audiences abroad.[2][24]

In the United States, Warner Bros. invested in the revolutionary second video for "Take on Me," which used Tarney's version of the song. The new video was released to dance clubs and television a month before the record was available in stores or played on the radio.[25] Wide exposure on MTV[24] made the song quickly soar to the top position of the Billboard Hot 100 on 19 October 1985.[26] It remained on the chart for twenty-three weeks, and ended up at the tenth position of the 1985 year-end chart.[27]

"Take on Me" was released for the third time in the United Kingdom in September 1985.[24] The song debuted on the UK Singles Chart at number fifty-five, peaked at number two for three consecutive weeks, held off the top spot byJennifer Rush's The Power of Love, and received a gold certification by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI).[28]

In Norway, A-ha's native country, "Take on Me" reentered the VG-lista singles chart, reaching a new peak of number one, a year after it was first released.[29] The single was largely successful elsewhere, reaching the top of theEurochart Hot 100 for nine weeks, topping the singles charts in 36 countries,[30] including Austria, Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Switzerland,[31][32][33][34][35] and reaching the top three in France and Ireland.[36][37] The success of "Take on Me" lies also in its sales, as the single would go on to sell over 7 million copies worldwide,[38][39] making it one of the best-selling singles of all time.

Formats and track listing[edit]Edit

  • 7" Original single (1984)
  1. "Take on Me" (Original version) – 3:10
  2. "And You Tell Me" – 1:48
  • 12" Original single (1984)
  1. "Take on Me" (Long version) – 3:44
  2. "And You Tell Me" – 1:48
  3. "Stop! And Make Your Mind Up" – 2:57 (Pål Waaktaar)

(On this record, Pål Waaktaar is miscredited as Päl Waktaar)

  • 7" Single (1985)
  1. "Take on Me" – 3:46
  2. "Love Is Reason" – 3:04
  • 7" Single (1985)
  1. "Take on Me" (LP version) – 3:46
  2. "The Sun Always Shines on TV" (LP version) – 4:30
  • 12" Maxi-Single (1985)
  1. "Take on Me" (Extended version) – 4:45
  2. "Love Is Reason" (LP version) – 3:01
  3. "Take on Me" (Single version) – 3:31

Personnel[edit]Edit

Charts and certifications[edit]Edit

Chart positions[edit]Edit

Chart (1984) Peak

position

Norwegian Singles Chart[40](original release) 3
Chart (1985-1986) Peak

position

Australian Kent Music Report[41] 1
Austrian Singles Chart[31] 1
Belgian VRT Top 30[32] 1
Canadian RPM Singles Chart[42] 2
Dutch Top 40[33] 1
French SNEP Singles Chart[36] 3
German Singles Chart[34] 1
Irish Singles Chart[37] 2
Italian Singles Chart[35] 1
New Zealand RIANZ Singles Chart[43] 7
Norwegian Singles Chart[40](re-release) 1
Spain (AFYVE)[44] 11
Swedish Singles Chart[45] 1
Swiss Singles Chart[46] 1
UK Singles Chart[47] 2
US Billboard Hot 100[26] 1
US BillboardAdult Contemporary[48] 4

Certifications[edit]Edit

Country Provider Certification Sales/shipments
France SNEP Gold[49] 700,000+
Germany BVMI Gold[50] 250,000+
United Kingdom BPI Gold[28] 500,000+
United States RIAA --- 1,200,000+
Preceded by

"Oh Sheila" by Ready for the World

Billboard Hot 100 number-one single

19 October 1985

Succeeded by

"Saving All My Love for You" by Whitney Houston

Preceded by

"Cheerio" by The Monroes

Norwegian VG-lista number-one single

23 October 1985 – 6 November 1985

Succeeded by

"Cheri Cheri Lady" by Modern Talking

Preceded by

"Cheri Cheri Lady" by Modern Talking

German Singles Chart number-one single

8 November 1985 – 6 December 1985

Succeeded by

"Nikita" by Elton John

Swiss Singles Chart number-one single

10 November 1985 – 1 December 1985

Eurochart Hot 100 number-one single

23 November 1985 – 18 January 1986

Preceded by

"(I'll Never Be) Maria Magdalena" by Sandra

Dutch Top 40 number-one single

30 November 1985

Preceded by

"I Got You Babe" by UB40 and Chrissie Hynde

Australian Kent Music Report number-one single

11 November 1985 – 18 November 1985

Succeeded by

"The Power of Love" by Jennifer Rush

Reel Big Fish version[edit]Edit

"Take on Me"
[3]
Single by Reel Big Fish
from the album BASEketball
Released 1999
Format CD single
Genre Ska punk
Length 3:14
Label Mojo Records
Reel Big Fish singles chronology
"Sell Out"

(1997)

"Take on Me"

(1999)

"Talkin' 'bout a Revolution"

(2005)

In 1999, ska punk band Reel Big Fish covered "Take on Me" for the film BASEketball. The song was later released on the BASEketball soundtrack and the international version of their album Why Do They Rock So Hard?.[51][52] The band also performed the song at concerts.[53] Reel Big Fish released a video clip for "Take on Me", directed by Jeff Moore,[54] and features the band playing the song while walking down an aisle in the stadium, and playing a game of BASEketball interlaced with clips from the film. An alternative video for the song's international release that contained only the stadium aisle footage was also released. Reel Big Fish also included a live version of the song in their live album Our Live Album Is Better than Your Live Album and live DVD's You're All in This Together and Reel Big Fish Live! In Concert!.[55]

This song was released on Billboard and Sirius in 1999-2000.

Track listing[edit]Edit

  • CD Single
  1. "Take on Me" – 3:02
  2. "Alternative Baby" – 2:56
  3. "Why Do All the Girls Think They're Fat?" – 2:22

Personnel[edit]Edit

A1 version[edit]Edit

"Take on Me"
[4]
Single by A1
from the album The A List
B-side "I Got Sunshine"
Released 14 August 2000
Format CD single, 7" single
Recorded 1999
Genre Dance-pop
Length 3:46
Label EpicBMG
Certification Silver(BPI)
A1 singles chronology
"Like a Rose"

(1999)

"Take on Me"

(2000)

"Same Old Brand New You"

(2000)

In August 2000, British-Norwegian boyband A1 released a cover of "Take on Me" for their second studio album The A List.[56] Despite being panned by music critics, who called it a "lame cover version",[57] and a "note for note copy" that seems like "a re-release of the original";[58] it was commercially successful, topping the charts in the United Kingdom and Norway,[59][60]where it was certified silver by the BPI.[28]

Music video[edit]Edit

The cover's music video was directed by Stuart Gosling. It features A1 entering the computer world by putting on virtual reality glasses after finding out about a deadly computer virus. After flying for a distance, they find the virus and destroy it, saving the world.[61] The video was inspired by the 1982 science fiction film Tron.[62]

Formats and track listings[edit]Edit

  • CD, Maxi-single, Enhanced, CD1
  1. "Take on Me" – 3:31
  2. "Beatles Medley (I Feel Fine / She Loves You)" – 3:20
  3. "I Got Sunshine" – 3:41
  • CD, Maxi-single, Enhanced, Limited Edition, CD2
  1. "Take on Me" (UK 2K Mix) – 3:25
  2. "Take on Me" (Metro Extended Club Mix) – 6:02
  3. "Take on Me" (D-Bop Saturday Night Mix) – 7:52

Charts[edit]Edit

Chart (2000-2001) Peak

position

Australian ARIA Singles Chart[63] 46
Danish Singles Chart 2
Dutch Mega Single Top 100[64] 47
German Singles Chart[65] 61
Irish Singles Chart[37] 12
Norwegian Singles Chart[59] 1
Swedish Singles Chart[66] 9
UK Singles Chart[60] 1

Certifications[edit]Edit

Country Provider Certification Sales/shipments
Norway IFPI Gold[67] 5,000+
United Kingdom BPI Silver[28] 200,000+
Preceded by

"Music" by Madonna

UK Singles Chart number-one single

3 September 2000 (1 week)

Succeeded by

"Lady (Hear Me Tonight)" byModjo

Norwegian VG-lista number-one single

5 October 2000 – 19 October 2000 (3 weeks)

Succeeded by

"Beautiful Day" by U2

In popular culture[edit]Edit

Other cover versions[edit]Edit

Despite being notoriously difficult to sing,[68] the song has inspired many cover versions, including the following:

Live cover performances[edit]Edit

  • Japanese American singer Hikaru Utada covered the song on her "Bohemian Summer 2000 Tour". It was included on the Bohemian Summer 2000 DVD.[84]
  • Argentinian electro pop band Miranda! included a cover of the song in their 2005 live album En Vivo Sin Restricciones.[85]
  • American singer-songwriter Sara Bareilles has performed acoustic versions of the song in live concerts.
  • The protagonist of Sleeping Dogs, Wei Shen, can choose to sing this during the game's Karaoke minigame.

Parodies[edit]Edit

Media[edit]Edit

  • A cover recording was used in the episode "Asspen" (2002) of the animated TV series South Park.
  • GEICO commercial features the song being played by a dog with a synthesizer and a singing cockatoo.[87]
  • The Wohlstandskinder cover recording was used over the closing credits of the George Romero directed film Bruiser (2000).
  • The song was featured on the soundtrack of the video game Saints Row 2
  • The song was sung by Jeffster! in the series finale of ChuckChuck vs. the Goodbye.
  • The song was featured in the movie This Is 40 (2012) in the scene where Leslie Mann's character is singing in the car with her family.
  • The song and its music video was featured in the Family Guy episode Breaking Out is Hard to Do
  • The song Amarillion by Norwegian duo Datarock pays homage to the song with the lines "Take me on/Take on me".
  • The melody of the song was used in the opening sequence of the second season of the Israeli TV show Danny Hollywood (2009), which its plot is set on the year 1986.
  • During the 2012 Major League Baseball seasonWashington Nationals player Michael Morse used a portion of the song for his walk-up music prior to late-game at-bats. By the end of the season, fans at Nationals Park were singing along, enjoying the final falsetto. After the season, Morse was traded to the Seattle Mariners, but the song remained a part of the in-game entertainment at Nationals Park in 2013, being played over the public-address system during the seventh-inning stretch after the traditional "Take Me Out to the Ballgame."
  • It is heard in a 2013 TV commercial for Volkswagen. The video was recreated, with a Volkswagen Passat NMS inserted as one of the cars. The video cuts to a man in an office drawing the photos for the animation while singing the falsetto note (E5) out of tune (referencing the song's difficulty) as everyone in the room stares at him. He then walks outside to his Volkswagen Passat, with the narrator stating that the car's offer of "no-charge scheduled maintnance" makes people "feel carefree".
  • The song played in one episode of The CW's The Carrie Diaries.
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